ISSN 2415-8038

Formatting Guidelines

The formatting of articles must comply with the editorial requirements of the journal. Materials that do not meet the specified requirements will not be considered by the editors.


  1. Articles in *.doc or *.docx format are accepted for consideration. All non-text objects are created with the use of built-in Microsoft Word tools (all objects must be grouped), Illustrator. Graphs and figures should be of high quality (600 dpi for graphs and 300 dpi for color and b/w figures) and made with the possibility of editing them, and formulas should be created with the use of the Microsoft Equation editor.
  2. Articles are accepted in Ukrainian (with additional abstract in English), in English (with additional abstract in Ukrainian).
  3. Technical parameters of the page: A4 format, 2 cm margins on all sides. The text is typed in Times New Roman 12, line spacing 1. Articles of at least 6 pages (3000-4000 characters) are accepted.
  4. The article must contain the required elements, placed in the following sequence:
  • UDC (separate paragraph with left alignment);
  • an index according to the PACS (Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme), which classifies the subject of the article (a separate paragraph with left alignment);
  • metadata of the article in English (title, full name of the author(s), academic degree, title, position, and ORCID number, place of work with the address of the organization, abstract, keywords);
  • article metadata in Ukrainian.



The abstract should be informative (not contain general words), structured (follow the logic of the article presentation), and meaningful (clearly formulate the relevance, goal, methods of problem analysis, disclose the main research results and conclusions - 250 words). The abstract should not contain abbreviations, footnotes, and references.


5-7 words or phrases related to the subject matter do not duplicate the title of the article and do not consist of common words.


The section highlights the current state of the problem under study at the global level, analyses the latest research and publications (7-10 works of other researchers) with links to scientific publications over the past 3-5 years. The relevance, purpose, objectives and the novelty of the study are substantiated. References to literature must be submitted in round brackets. One citation should not include more than 3 sources.

Literature Review

This section is optional and should contain the results of research by scientists who analysed certain aspects of the subject matter. Each name of the researcher must be accompanied by a corresponding reference from the list of references.

Materials and Methods

The section describes the main stages of the study and justifies the choice of the methods, techniques, approaches, or actions used to obtain new scientific research results. The strategies and criteria for sampling (if the article contains an empirical part) are explained, the experimental basis of the study is noted. The stated methodology should provide a complete picture of the research progress so that it can be repeated by other scientists with the use of the same materials and methods. The section is required in the structure of a scientific article.

Results and Discussion

The section presents the main material of the study with full justification of the scientific results obtained. Tabular or graphical materials are necessarily accompanied by the results of statistical data processing. Sources are placed under tables and figures. Value judgments should be avoided, as well as the elements of the description of the methodology and direct repetition of the data presented in the tables and graphic material in the text of the article. Numerical results should be rounded in accordance with established rules, taking into account the mean research error, confidence interval or distribution of values. Research results must be sufficiently substantiated, methodologically correct, have novelty and practical value.

The discussion should be based on the interpretation of the research results. The most important scientific facts established are involved in the consideration, taking into account the previous data and analysis, in accordance with the literary sources on the current state of the problem with references to the works of a similar direction of research conducted in other countries.

The Results and Discussion section should be the largest in terms of volume.


Conclusions should fully and specifically reflect the results of research, correspond to the purpose and title of the study, word-by-word duplication in the abstract is unacceptable. It is important to indicate the prospects for further research on the selected topic.


The section is for expression of gratitude to individuals or organisations for all possible technical assistance, ideas, financial (material) aid, which made the research possible, etc.
If you have no Acknowledgments state “None”.

Conflict of interests

The journal requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission and include a statement in the Acknowledgements section. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to disclose with the submission ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships. Discovery of the failure to adequately disclose a conflict of interest at submission or during the review process may result in the rejection of a manuscript or other author sanctions.


 List of used literature in English, formatted in accordance with the Vancouver style (one column, justified). The list of sources begins with the subheading “REFERENCES” (center alignment)


Tables, figures, graphs and formulas should be numbered and presented after a reference to them in the text (notes are placed directly below the table/figure/graph). All abbreviations must be spelled-out at the first mention in the text.

Formulas should be created in Equation Editor, variable mathematical values in the text are typed in italics. Schemes for writing formulas in Microsoft Equation.

Illustrations are allowed to be placed in the article itself (centred, text wrapping around the image is prohibited), or submitted as separate files in JPG, PNG, EPS, BMP format. All diagrams, figures, tables, and formulas should be numbered and placed immediately after referring to them in the text.

All physical quantities and measurement must be presented in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).