Received (not set) Accepted (not set) Published (not set)
Relevance. In this study, considerable attention is devoted to the analysis of dynamic loads that occur in the rope systems of lifting mechanisms of overhead cranes during start-up and braking, and the reduction of these loads.
Purpose. To identify the magnitude and nature of changes in dynamic loads in the elements of lifting mechanisms of bridge cranes, a comprehensive dynamic analysis of the lifting mechanism of the bridge crane and its elastic elements (rope systems) was performed.
Methods. The dynamic analysis of the above mechanisms and systems was performed on well-grounded mathematical models of bridge-type cranes (single- and double-mass).
Results. The analysis of the obtained calculations of mathematical models of the mechanism of lifting the load of bridge cranes demonstrated that the dynamic loads applied to the structural elements and drive mechanisms are oscillatory and comparable to static loads. The analysis of the obtained calculations of mathematical models of the mechanism of lifting the load of bridge cranes demonstrated that the dynamic loads applied to the structural elements and drive mechanisms are oscillatory and comparable to static loads. To minimise the integral functionals, the methods of classical calculus of variations, mathematical physics and differential equations were used to model the dynamics of loading processes of rope systems and drives of bridge cranes, and the terminal (initial and final conditions of movement of such systems) were considered, which allowed solving the optimisation problem unambiguouslyThus, to reduce dynamic loads in structural elements (in particular, in ropes) during transients in such lifting mechanisms of bridge cranes, it is proposed to perform optimisation of the modes of movement of their drive mechanisms. An essential place in such optimisation is occupied by the choice of the optimisation criterion. Among such criteria, integral optimisation criteria were used. As such integral optimisation criteria, the RMS values of the current loads in the elastic elements (ropes) of overhead travelling cranes have been used.
Conclusions. Such integral criteria are integral functionalities that usually reflect undesirable properties of machines and their mechanisms, thus, they are subject to minimisation